Data Plural Or Singular Scientific Writing

Best Answer: garbage - data is the plural form of datum, yet it is used both as a plural noun and as a singular noun - meaning information. SAMPLE LESSON FOR NOUNS SINGULAR, PLURAL & COLLECTIVE NOUNS Quick Explanation: Nouns A noun is the part of speech that names a person, place, thing, or an idea. * Historically and in specialized scientific fields, it is treated as a plural in English e. txt) or read online for free. Yet writing has a second goal: to avoid distraction. Hopefully not in CJS. Ordinarily, it sug­gests you treat the name as sin­gu­lar unless you wish to empha­size the indi­vid­u­als who make up the orga­ni­za­tion. Here we'll tackle that question, but before we do, we need to briefly discuss mass nouns and count nouns. Identifying Errors. The singular/plural distinction is not as sharp as you’d think. Change each noun from singular to plural. Noun: Singular & Plural. (data, confuse—plural. But often in english the latin origin is forgotten and the latin word start to intermingle with the english grammar. When a list of things is separated by the word nor, the singular form of the verb is used. If you know that list is the subject, then you will choose is for the verb. But many scientific journals specify (in their Author Guidelines) whether or not their authors should use data as singular or plural. with a singular verb. Therefore, the corresponding verb should be plural as well. Binary genus-species combinations are always used in the singular. Nouns give names of concrete or abstract things in our lives. A plural noun is a word for two or more people, places, or things. To my ears, using a singular verb with data (and thus treating it as a mass noun) is akin to scratching one's fingernails across a chalkboard. EZSchool's Grade 1 - Learn 1st grade math, language arts, science and social studies with 618 free activities. For example, the plural form of man is men, not mans. (Few is plural, so are were and their. Many of these words retain their Latin or Greek plurals in math and science settings. The trick is to identify the subject and the verb first, then read the sentence without the extra words in order to decide if the subject is singular or plural. Use of the term "data" as a singular noun is often seen as a marker of either scientific naïveté or poor writing. If you are writing about the action of the paper, use the singular: Watson and Crick (1953) serves as an example of how a breakthrough paper can launch its authors to academic stardom. This is a case where you need to know the patterns of your context. " Do not use an apostrophe plus an "s," an italic "s," or a capital "S. “This data is confusing”). This word play lesson teaches second graders about diphthongs (ow, ou, oi, oy and ew words) and tricky plural nouns (geese, feet, mice). The syntax of your sentence will dictate whether you need to use the singular or plural form of the variable. Although the equivalent expression in many languages would be in the plural, “news” is a singular noun, so you should say: correct The news is being broadcast by all major TV stations. (The data were analyzed and recorded. " Hiatus is a fourth declension noun, and its plural ends in "us. There are certain words we use on a regular basis, especially in mathematical and scientific contexts, that are borrowed from Latin or Greek. How could I use NLTK module to write both the noun's singular and plural form, or tell it not to differentiate between singular and plural when searching a txt file for a word?. The number is singular. Mass nouns, on the other hand, are used for things that don't have a natural boundary and can't be counted. Data - singular or plural? Noun data is "singular mass noun when the emphasis is on its collective or cumulative nature" (Allen 15). Usually, the singular is the unmarked form of a word, and the plural is obtained by inflecting the singular. plural is used to indicate more than one species, strain, or variety. Identifying Errors of Singular and Plural Pronouns Video. Definition of Statistics is the study of the collection organization analysis interpretation and presentation of data It deals with all aspects of data including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments The word statistics when referring to the scientific discipline is singular as in "Statistics is an art " This should not be confused with the word. Here's my free singular/plural nouns worksheet that centers around food!. The singular form already expresses the same idea as "informations" in other languages:. In scientific research, the term "data" refers to a collection of many individual pieces of information, and so is plural. The word "data" is plural. The definitions given in the glossary are very brief and incomplete. Plurals of Latin and Greek Words. Common Mistakes in Scientific Writing Proposal Writing for Graduate Students FISH 521 Theodore W. “[W]hether you write data are or data is,” observes Garner, “you’re likely to make some readers raise their eyebrows. Students change singular nouns to plural by adding "s" and rewrite sentences to match. Sometimes there is more than one plural form possible or these forms have different meanings. But many scientific journals specify (in their Author Guidelines) whether or not their authors should use data as singular or plural. Other Latin plurals have dropped out of general use while remaining in scientific, religious, or academic use. If it's used in the sense of English some it takes the singular: einige Zeit, einige Hoffnung. That is commonly seen in recipes—1 1/2 cup s milk. Binary genus-species combinations are always used in the singular. 0 replies 0 retweets 0 likes. Salmonella enterica is… Salmonellae are ubiquitous… Do not use spaces for MRSA isolates. It is singular and the plural is data. It usually ends with s or es. In psychology and other scientific disciplines that use data on a daily basis, for example, data takes a plural verb: The data are inconclusive. However there are many exceptions. Ede , Professor Lisa Ede , Andrea A. The definitions given in the glossary are very brief and incomplete. But somehow they do. It’s not the first plural Latin noun to decide that it might be happier as a singular either. Lunsford No preview available - 1990. Feminism (singular), African feminisms (plural) and the African diaspora Article in Agenda 17:98-100 · January 2003 with 56 Reads How we measure 'reads'. I have framed this question under two parts, namely, Part (a) and Part. Relative to today's computers and transmission media, data is information converted into binary digital form. Are first-person pronouns acceptable in scientific writing? February 23, 2011 Filed under Blog , Featured , Popular , Writing One of the most common questions I get is whether it is acceptable to use "we" or "I" in a scientific paper. The noun data, for example, is plural; datum is the singular form. The groups (= taxa, singular taxon) of organisms from tribe through kingdom are all considered to be plural: write Culicidae are (not Culicidae is), Diptera are (not Diptera is). Now, if we write the axiom: 5. 'Effect' is less common and refers specifically to producing an outcome. Rules Singular Plural The word is the same but is used as singular or plural depending on a context. Scales of measurements increase or decrease as multiples of ten which facilitates expression of measurement values using the decimal system. Singular indefinite pronouns go with singular verbs, plural indefinite. It tells you whether you are talking about a part of one thing (singular) or about a number of things (plural). Singular Versus Plural. Everyone Uses Singular 'They,' Whether They Realize It Or Not. In order to change a singular noun to its plural form in English, you usually add "s". , that ⊔ is not really nondeterministic, but merely underspecified. In scientific writing data is often treated as a plural, as in These data do not support the conclusions, but the word is also used as a singular mass entity like information, for instance in computing and related disciplines. Thus, we would write the data are conclusive, not the data is conclusive. 1 Ani-mals, Fishes, and Related Terms for plurals commonly used in ADF&G writing. ” It also comes from Latin and has a singular form: “agendum. How do I implement mechanical conventions? Although we have mostly you how to write professionally by equipping you with methodological reasoning techniques, we also know that there are some tricky grammatical and formatting details that are easy to slip up on, no matter how advanced your writing technique may be. The terminology used to describe plural word lists in K-2 is “one” and “more than one,” with the terms “singular” and “plural” introduced in Grade 3. Relative to today's computers and transmission media, data is information converted into binary digital form. It seems like javascript libraries usually do the type checking option (#3), and that's the one I like best. Quantities. The word inherited its irregular pluralization directly from Latin, where datum means "given" (it is the neuter past parti. I am in the final stages of writing a book and currently I am preparing the index. * Historically and in specialized scientific fields, it is treated as a plural in English e. 2 Form plurals of nouns ending in f, fe, o, and y. , is, was) and data is the plural form, which requires a plural verb (e. This worksheet is perfect for first graders or kids developing early reading skills. Nouns give names of concrete or abstract things in our lives. Writing about them as a singular entity seems oddly formal and doesn't look right at all. Second, examples 1 and 2 are wrong because the names are singular possessive. ‘The data is entered into the system’). Attention grammar snobs: ”they” can officially be used as a singular, nonbinary pronoun. spelled-out words make any difference? I took 2 ml of water, which was/were then. In modern non-scientific use, however, it is generally not treated as a plural. 6 Identify plurals, singular possessives, and plural possessives. Students write plural form of singular nouns by adding "es". (as a term in philosophy): from Latin, plural of DATUM. When I edit, a journal's Guidelines take precedence. What Richard's getting at here is that this sentence seems to mix up a singular word ('public') with plurals ('their' and 'lives') - a grammatical no-no. We have hands-on writing drills, online games, classroom activities and more. The data are correct or The data is correct? Answered from Charles Carson, managing editor of the journal American Speech The question seems easy enough: is data singular or plural? Unfortunately, the answer is that both usages are standard. I agree that being able to bring a source would be better, and I don't have one to hand. Singular and plural. , is carried in glass fibers rather than by electrical current--one goal of semiconductor research is to develop a silicon chip that can transmit and receive light signals directly, a development that may one day lead to smaller, faster. Never use the article "a" before "news". The singular form of data is datum, meaning one piece of information, but it's not used in conversational English. To form the third person singular present tense form of most regular English verbs, simply affix the suffix -s to the end of the verb. For a model named M35s, you could write the following: M35ses (plural) OR M35s models may be less confusing M35s's (singular possessive) OR M35s model's M35ses' (plural possessive) OR M35s models'. We could explain why grocery store signs should read 10 items or fewer instead of 10 items or less. Even a fraction more that one means the noun is plural. Then I'd have to write double the functions, which is silly. Learn more Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. But what about the word 'rice'?. Singular and plural. However, in edited writing criterion is preferred for the singular and criteria for the plural. Definition of OXFORD dictionary :: In Latin, data is the plural of datum. data definition: Data is defined as facts or figures, or information that's stored in or used by a computer. data synonyms, data pronunciation, data translation, English dictionary definition of data. Getting your subjects and verbs to agree can be tricky when they are separated by a lot of other words. The singular form already expresses the same idea as "informations" in other languages:. In Latin, data is the plural of datum and, historically and in specialized scientific fields, it is also treated as a plural in English, taking a plural verb, as in the data were collected and classified. examples: books, dishes Most singular nouns can be made plural by just adding an s to the end. Constructions like ‘the data reveal that’, ‘Table 1 shows that’, or ‘Figure 2 indicates that’ are common in research papers. The data is collated by the researchers. Training and Testing. Many American usage communities, however, use “data” as a singular and some have even gone so far as to invent “datums” as a new plural. Four irregular, or anomalous, verbs experience consonant changes, vowel changes, or spelling changes in the third person singular form: be, do, go, and have. Likewise, in general conversation, using ‘data’ as a plural could seem overly formal. The scientific names of subspecies through kingdom are all considered to be Latin, not English. It also introduces kids to the bossy R rule, which states that when the letter r follows a vowel it changes the way the word is pronouced, for example far, car, and fur. In this sentence, green eggs and ham is one specific dish in and of itself, so you use the singular verb was. Data is the plural of datum. (psychology) But when used colloquially (such as in a news cast or in non-scientific settings), data may be used in the singular: The data supports. The singular form already expresses the same idea as "informations" in other languages:. The singular and plural forms of some nouns with Latin and Greek endings can cause trouble. Answer Key - Language Homework – Q1:1. Singular verbs with measured quantities. How to use medium in a sentence. Some people claim that you can’t write ‘the data shows that’ because data is plural. So, the Grammarist asks, "Should we use data as singular or plural?" It all comes down to preference and maybe using one that sounds best. Therefore, the corresponding verb should be plural as well. It tells you whether you are talking about a part of one thing (singular) or about a number of things (plural). In the plural sense , statistics refers to the systematic collection of numerical facts. Singular: hace referencia a un solo elemento de la palabra a la cual se refiere. Write singular if the noun is singular or plural if it is plural. Today, data is used in English both as a plural noun meaning “facts or pieces of information” (These data are described more fully elsewhere) and as a singular mass noun meaning “information”: Not much data is available on flood control in Brazil. My recommendation: As long as you are talking to Data Scientists and IT guys, ban datum from your vocabulary and use data with the singular. The moon(S) has thousands of craters(P) covering its surface(S). The word inherited its irregular pluralization directly from Latin, where datum means “given” (it is the neuter past participle of dare, “to give”), and its plural is data. How do you write a sentence with a singular subject with a singular verb? Science Shopping. Are words like rice, drugs and data plural or singular? I have learnt that data (especially in computer science) can be considered as singular (e. Consider “agenda. This means:  The antecedent and pronoun must be the same in number. Thus, we would write the data are conclusive, not the data is conclusive. The singular pronoun must have the same gender as the antecedent. This is a case where you need to know the patterns of your context. Scientific results are built upon testing things multiple times across multiple people, and we draw conclusions from the aggregate, not the individual, data points. pronouns go with plural verbs and in the construction Indefinite. , newspapers, magazines), the word data is often used with a singular verb. There are hundreds of. In scientific writing, the word data understandably gets a lot of play time, but writers don't always agree on—and some seemingly can't decide—whether it should be singular or plural. Today, data is used in English both as a plural noun meaning "facts or pieces of information" (These data are described more fully elsewhere) and as a singular mass noun meaning "information": Not much data is available on flood control in Brazil. Definition of OXFORD dictionary :: In Latin, data is the plural of datum. In Latin, data is the plural of datum and, historically and in specialized scientific fields , it is also treated as a plural in English, taking a plural verb, as in the data were collected and classified. This means both need to be singular or both need to be plural. The articles a and an are indefinite articles. Or instead: "This data is …"? In theory, and consistent with the rules of Latin grammar and traditional English, data is a plural noun (e. It's amazing that anyone not raised in an English-speaking country could ever achieve fluency in our language. One of the most common number questions I get in my grammar workshops concerns whether collective nouns such as total, number and majority are singular or plural. Finally, I could just throw up my hands and write a plural function as above, and a singular one that would wrap the parameter in a list and pass it to the plural one. Vocabulary Tips: Is "Data" Singular or Plural? In the grammarian community, there are some who will tip over a table and storm out of the room if anyone dares to combine the word "data" with a singular verb in their presence: e. In modern non-scientific use, however, it is generally not treated as a plural. As word singular itself means single, singular possessive nouns also show possession to a single person or object. We get the median (a statistic) of a set of numbers by using techniques from the field of statistics. anybody , someone , nobody ) and words already ending in s , place the apostrophe before the s when indicating ownership. (The data were analyzed and recorded. If you are writing about the action of the paper, use the singular: Watson and Crick (1953) serves as an example of how a breakthrough paper can launch its authors to academic stardom. This is part of the machine learning workflow. (outdated) The data are collated by the researchers. For example:. consisting of lots of different races or types…. Knowing the rules of forming singular and plural. Facts that can be analyzed or used in an effort to gain knowledge or make decisions; information. Singular is 'datum' but it's rare one would have occasion to use the term. Plural: el plural se usa cuando se habla de dos o más entidades del mismo tipo. But it was not always thus. (The data were analyzed and recorded. For example, the plural form of man is men, not mans. This spelling tip examines the various endings of plural words derived from Latin and Greek. Singular and plural words indicating ownership For singular nouns , indefinite pronouns (e. Read the article as an important lecture and you will understand the meanings of uncountable and countable nouns and also the accurate use of them in a specific sentence. - mals, Fishes, and Related Terms for plurals commonly used in ADF&G writing. But there are many nouns which don't follow this rule. A collection of data is commonly called a data set in scientific writing. John has chosen the plural subject sales. Data - singular or plural? Noun data is "singular mass noun when the emphasis is on its collective or cumulative nature" (Allen 15). Pronoun, Proper, Singular, Plural. We believe that a similar conceptual slippage, which positions big data as something singular, is misguided and potentially misleading. English term or phrase: Our data suggest OR our data suggests Should data be treated as a 3person singular noun or as a plural noun? e. Is data singular or plural? mixes accessible summaries of social-science data with anecdotes drawn from Data can be used as a singular or a plural in writing. It is almost always treated as a plural in scientific and academic writing. The patient data are sorted in Table 1. Spelling Quizzes and Exercises at English-Zone. Usually latin words should be used following the latin grammar, so datum for 1 point, data for more than one. This is the "they". Home » Analysis vs. If the sense of data is "information" or "evidence," then a singular verb is appropriate. anybody , someone , nobody ) and words already ending in s , place the apostrophe before the s when indicating ownership. For instance, in Arabic all nouns can have singular, plural, or dual forms. Data is often treated as a plural noun in writing related to science, mathematics, finance, and computing. For example: My data is corrupted. Therefore, when referring to the collective results, be sure to use the plural form:. This means:  The antecedent and pronoun must be the same in number. The use of singular and plural forms is linked to: 1. Today, data is used in English both as a plural noun meaning "facts or pieces of information" (These data are described more fully elsewhere) and as a singular mass noun meaning "information": Not much data is available on flood control in Brazil. that "datum" is the singular and "data" is the plural, and I can think of no other example where "is. The more authoritative maps I've seen have legend entries in singular. Understand and master the concepts by playing online games or printing worksheets. The subject is plural because it refers to more than one person (place, thing, or event), and plural subjects require plural verbs. 4 Form plurals: review. Some of the dollars were spent. Given below is a detailed discussion of both singular and plural possessive nouns: Singular Possessive Noun. " Do not use an apostrophe plus an "s," an italic "s," or a capital "S. Many scientific publications, including Cell Press titles, hold that data is a plural count noun (and that datum is the singular noun). Always use a good dictionary when using foreign plurals. In the doc I'm currently working on, I talk about the such-and-such server (singular) and index it in the singular, but I talk about the things returned from that server in the plural and index them that way. It's amazing that anyone not raised in an English-speaking country could ever achieve fluency in our language. It should be 'the data show that', they say. In English, however, the word is uncountable, i. In Latin, data is the plural of datum and, historically and in specialized scientific fields, it is also treated as a plural in English, taking a plural verb, as in the data were collected and classified. Latin gives us many other plurals. I worked in the computer business for many years, and we always said 'is'. Usually latin words should be used following the latin grammar, so datum for 1 point, data for more than one. There are certain words we use on a regular basis, especially in mathematical and scientific contexts, that are borrowed from Latin or Greek. pdf), Text File (. Vocabulary Tips: Is "Data" Singular or Plural? In the grammarian community, there are some who will tip over a table and storm out of the room if anyone dares to combine the word "data" with a singular verb in their presence: e. there is no plural form of it. What do the data say? In informal contexts, you can use a singular verb:. I use the singular verb myself!" BizWritingTip response: "Data" is the plural of the Latin word "datum," meaning "given. While it is good to have a wide vocabulary, technical writing is not the place for showing off linguistic abilities. (Few is plural, so are were and their. As usage has evolved from the word's origin as the Latin plural of datum, singular verbs now are often used to refer to collections of information: Little data is available to support the. In this ongoing survey of QUILTBAG+ Speculative Classics, I want to try to go back to the very firsts—even risking the possibility that those works have not aged well. Data is often treated as a plural noun in writing related to science, mathematics, finance, and computing. Thus, colloquialisms, jargon, contrived acronyms, and "ñddish" terminolog expressions. If the antecedent is plural, the pronoun must be plural. I use the singular verb myself!" BizWritingTip response: "Data" is the plural of the Latin word "datum," meaning "given. Includes full solutions and score reporting. Finally, I could just throw up my hands and write a plural function as above, and a singular one that would wrap the parameter in a list and pass it to the plural one. Most Singular Nouns form their Plurals by adding –s. There are very few data in the set. Relative to today's computers and transmission media, data is information converted into binary digital form. So, the Grammarist asks, "Should we use data as singular or plural?" It all comes down to preference and maybe using one that sounds best. Data are multiple pieces of information. It should be 'the data show that', they say. But somehow they do. Our faculty [list] IS very large. In most contexts, the word data refers to specific numerical results and should therefore be treated as a plural count noun, with a corresponding plural verb form. Read more here. In general usage, ‘data’ can take a singular form. TIPS ON TECHNICAL/SCIENTIFIC WRITING Lesson 4: "Percent": When Should It be a Singular or Plural Verb? Using good English grammar and proper punctuations can often make the difference between a. Finally, I could just throw up my hands and write a plural function as above, and a singular one that would wrap the parameter in a list and pass it to the plural one. Many of us remember that the word data is technically plural. Note: We use this form (the + singular) most often in technical and scientific writing to generalize about classes of animals, body organs, plants, musical instruments, and complex inventions. We can't forget what we know, so when we see data act singular, we notice. wrong The news are being broadcast by all major TV stations. Data is a special case. Collective Nouns and Consistency In American English, most collective nouns take singular verbs—except when a sentence emphasizes the individuals in the group, not the group as a whole. Complete this science fiction story with. Nouns ending in o, preceded by a consonant. Data - singular or plural? Noun data is "singular mass noun when the emphasis is on its collective or cumulative nature" (Allen 15). Data are multiple pieces of information. These reflect the Latin forms. Our faculty [members] ARE good. The singular form of data is datum, meaning one piece of information, but it's not used in conversational English. The Globe and Mail offers similar advice in its 1998 Style Book: "RCMP is normally plural ('the RCMP are investigating'), but the ear may demand a singular verb if the verb leads into a singular. Identifying Errors. Some of our consultants use singular, and some use plural verbs with it. This convention is well established and widely followed in both edited and unedited writing. Still other nouns ending in o and preceded by a consonant have both recognized plural forms: add either s or es. They often make their plurals according to the rules of the language they were taken from (e. up vote 2 down vote accepted. 4 Form plurals: review. Writing Adjectives science Singular and Plural Nouns. Although the equivalent expression in many languages would be in the plural, “news” is a singular noun, so you should say: correct The news is being broadcast by all major TV stations. Many academic and scientific fields, as well as many publishers and newspapers, still insist on the plural count noun use of data, as in The data are compelling, but it is more commonly used as a singular mass noun, as in The data is compelling. But for other plurals, the usual. Ede , Professor Lisa Ede , Andrea A. Never use the article "a" before "news". If the antecedent is singular, the pronoun must be singular. "These data are confusing"). In Wala, lexical nouns have only a two-way distinction between singular and non-singular (i. Although the equivalent expression in many languages would be in the plural, "news" is a singular noun, so you should say: correct The news is being broadcast by all major TV stations. In fact, only one study (Richardson 1984) provides anything like systematic evidence on the possible use of yall as a singular (she argues that the form is used only as a plural and that apparent singular occurrences usually reflect Southerners' exaggeration of their dialect for social effect); few studies provide any data at all on the social and spatial distribution of the form, either singular or plural. The simplified answer here is that data can be either, depending if it is a count noun (can be replaced by facts) or a mass noun (can be replaced by information). Is data singular or plural? mixes accessible summaries of social-science data with anecdotes drawn from Data can be used as a singular or a plural in writing. It is used to show specific reference and can be used with both singular and plural nouns and with both countable and uncountable nouns. Because these names – Ted, John, I – are separated by the word and, the plural form of the verb is used. (as a term in philosophy): from Latin, plural of DATUM. It seems like javascript libraries usually do the type checking option (#3), and that's the one I like best. spelled-out words make any difference? I took 2 ml of water, which was/were then. Jul 16, 2010 · In Latin, data is the plural of datum and, historically and in specialized scientific fields , it is also treated as a plural in English, taking a plural verb, as in the data were collected and. Raw data is a term used to. Ramanujan, Jayanta Mahapatra, Kiran Nagarkar and Kamala Das who wrote/write in their mother tongues as well as in English. The word data is the plural of Latin datum, "something given," but it is not always treated as a plural noun in English. Reviewing examples of subject verb agreement is helpful to learn this important grammar concept. These pronouns include all, any, either, none, some, more, most. Usually, when you see a chart with irregular verbs , it only contains different forms of singular irregular verbs. It may be used in scientific and academic writing. ">> I tend to prefer the plural, because it's always possible to have more than one value; even when there is only a single field labeled (in your example) "operator entry", there's usually more than one value possible for that field. Guide to Common Writing Errors Mixing up words: 1. Ede , Professor Lisa Ede , Andrea A. I read several different scientific journals, and I am stymied by the different ways that the word, data, is used. These pronouns include all, any, either, none, some, more, most. Add an s or es at the end of each word to form the plural. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A plural noun is a word for two or more people, places, or things. docx), PDF File (. Subject verb agreement simply means the subject and verb must agree in number. It usually ends with s or es. Given below is a detailed discussion of both singular and plural possessive nouns: Singular Possessive Noun. Concerning singular versus plural table names, the subject seems to be controversial, but it shouldn't be. When a list of things is separated by the word nor, the singular form of the verb is used. ) For indefinite pronouns that can be singular or plural, it depends on what the indefinite pronoun refers to. Writing about them as a singular entity seems oddly formal and doesn't look right at all. The Macquarie Dictionary says: 'The connection between data the plural and datum the singular has been almost completely broken, so that while datum survives in such compounds as datum. For the names of some large mammals and some other organisms, either the singular or the regularly formed plural may be used to indicate the plural; however, see 7. How to use medium in a sentence. When data for 2007 and 2008 were compared, the researchers found that violent crime in the city had dropped by 12 percent. In English, however, the word is uncountable, i. Write the plural form of each singular noun given below. Usually latin words should be used following the latin grammar, so datum for 1 point, data for more than one.